A court action is a legal procedure, based on private rights or wrongs, that can be brought before a court. It can be in the form of a lawsuit, but is also known as a petition.
Usually, a law case involves a trial by a jury. Trials can be facilitated through the use of a judge or a referee. However, in some circumstances, a trial by a single person is possible.
If a defendant does not appear at a trial, a default judgment is entered. This verdict identifies the parties and their rights. Depending on the nature of the case, the deadline for filing may be extended.
In a criminal case, the initial appearance of a defendant in court is held to notify the defendant of the charges against him. The defendant can then state an answer to the charges.
Before the trial, the judge’s instructions are given to the jury. During the trial, the parties exchange evidence, and the court asks the witnesses to testify. At the end of the trial, a jury will make a guilty or not guilty verdict.
A misdemeanor is a less serious type of crime, and can be punished by a fine. Felonies are more serious and can be punished by imprisonment in a penitentiary.
A third party holding agreement is a written document stating that a person holds another person’s property, money, or other legal rights. A third party is not entitled to use the property unless the party is in violation of the terms of the agreement.